Elsy Menko – Country – Literature
Baruch (de) Spinoza (1632-1677) was a Dutch philosopher, free thinker, author and correspondent of Portuguese Sephardi origin. He was one of the early thinkers of the Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism. His highly controversial ideas regarding the authenticity of the Hebrew Bible lead to his excommunication at age 23 from the Jewish community.
His magnum opus, the Ethics, was published posthumously in the year of his death. The work earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy’s most important thinkers.
I have positioned Spinoza’s portrait against the first page of part two of the treatise: Ethices Pars secunda, De Natura & Origine mentis (Ethics, Part two, On the nature and origin of the mind). The white background material was dyed in coffee. The text is handstitched in black and the illuminated capital letter T – much in line with illuminated manuscripts of that time – was embroidered with colored DMC and some metallic threads.